Cabinetry is a mandatory addition to many kitchens, bathrooms and offices. A simple screw or two is all that was required to attach a cabinet to a standard wood-framed wall. However, in modern architecture, as a code requirement for many commercial buildings, steel studs are used.
As a part of the complete wall unit, these steel studs provide enormous structural strength. When it becomes necessary to tap into the individual strength of these studs, they're very flimsy. So, how do we attach cabinets to them?
Determining the Strength of Your Stud
Manal, Naima. "How to Install Cabinets on Metal Studs." EHow. Demand Media, 02 Apr. 2009. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ehow.com/how_4883771_install-cabinets-metal-studs.html>.
"Choosing kitchen cabinets can easily be the most involved portion of redecorating any kitchen space. The good news is that selecting the right kind of wood to make them out of doesn't have to be a difficult process. The bad news is that you will have to do a bit of research before settling on the right wood type. You'll need to consider the style of the kitchen and how much you can afford to spend.
No matter what kind of wood kitchen cabinets you are looking at, make sure that they are 100% solid wood. Many manufacturers use particle board, a wood composite, in order to cut costs. The problem with particle board is that it won't last as long, or look as good, as solid wood. If you are redoing your whole kitchen, then it's usually worth the investment to purchase solid wood cabinets.
Oak is by far the most popular wood choice for kitchen cabinets. The trees can be found all over the globe, so the materials are easy to find. Oak takes well to stain, it is durable, and it is aesthetically appealing. Most homeowners who choose oak cabinets prefer a natural or honey stained look to any kind or darker stain, though darker colors are available.
Ponderosa, white, and yellow are all types of pine wood that are frequently fashioned into cabinets. White and yellow pine are the most versatile, since both can be easily stained without any added fuss. On the other hand, ponderosa pine can be difficult to work with if you plan to stain your own cabinets. If you prefer the look of ponderosa pine, cabinets made from this type of wood can be purchased pre-stained.
Maple is a type of wood that many contractors prize for its sheer adaptability. It can be stained in any shade and will still maintain its natural wood grain. You'll also find that maple tends to be more cost-effective than pine or oak, since maple trees can be found in Asia, and many maple wood kitchen cabinets are manufactured in that part of the world.
Unlike maple, cherry wood is expensive, though it is quite stunning to look at. It is unique in that it turns from a light wood color to a deep red color with time, and once the wood has been stained, exposure to sunlight over many years will bring out its natural red hue. This is precisely why many people pay a higher price for it.
Mahogany wood kitchen cabinets are rare, but they have a rich and luxurious look that many homeowners love. If style and class is what you're after, then mahogany may be the type of wood that you are seeking".
Geek, Wise. "How Do I Choose the Best Wood Kitchen Cabinets?" WiseGEEK. Wisegeek.com, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2014. <http://www.wisegeek.org/how-do-i-choose-the-best-wood-kitchen-cabinets.htm>.
"Adding or remodeling a room in your home can be a great investment when it comes time to sell. Kitchens and bathrooms are amongst the most beneficial improvements available. The payoff a kitchen overhaul will provide varies greatly, but several factors must be considered before making any decisions. Adding or upgrading appliances, countertops and cabinets can provide one of the biggest returns of any home improvement project.
John, Sara. "How Much Resale Value Does a Remodeled Kitchen Add to Your Home?"EHow. Demand Media, 18 Jan. 2011. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ehow.com/info_7813071_much-remodeled-kitchen-add-home.html>.
"People enjoy a good old-fashioned barbecue. On a beautiful sunny day, people just love to cook and eat outside. For some reason, food cooked outside just tastes better. It might have something to do with the mouth-watering scent filling the air for miles or the chef escaping from the walls of the kitchen and becoming one with nature. Whatever the reason, it seems as the weather heats up, so do our outdoor grills.
For the past two weeks, we have been talking about outdoor renovations. We can’t properly talk about outdoor spaces without mentioning the barbecue — or shall we say, the outdoor kitchen.
More people are remodeling their patios into an outdoor entertaining space with the same entertaining concepts as the modern great room. This means there is a space for gathering (seating area), a space for dining and a place for food preparation. The outdoor kitchen allows for the guests to congregate around the outdoor cooking action and makes it possible for the outdoor chef to be a part of the party.
The backyard culinary experience has moved far beyond a simple barbecue on the patio. Now, manufacturers of appliances and cabinetry are producing products to create complete outdoor kitchens. A trip to the nearest home-improvement center will confirm the wide range of free-standing barbecues that are available. Pushing aside the lowly kettle barbecue, huge, stainless steel barbecue behemoths stand ready to meet your every need.
Barbecues don't just grill anymore. Some come equipped with rotisseries and can double as smokers. Additional stove-top burners are also available in some models, so you can prepare the whole meal without ever stepping foot in the "real" kitchen.
For some, a giant, all-inclusive barbecue just isn't enough. These intrepid grillers want more — an actual outdoor kitchen. Only stainless-steel appliances can be used to equip an outdoor kitchen. These may include an under-counter refrigerator, beverage cooler and small cooktop (usually one or two burners). Some outdoor kitchens are even equipped with wood-fired pizza ovens.
Stainless steel sinks and faucets are often used as well, and, of course, we can't forget the barbecue itself. Built-in barbecues resemble an interior cooktop that is built into a counter with shelves or cabinets below.
Large grilling "islands" are produced commercially and include all these amenities in one free-standing unit. Remember when you are considering purchasing one of these islands that the placement in your yard or on your patio is critical. Check the manufacturer's requirements for clearance, which ranges between 12 inches and 36 inches. This distance is required both for reasons of venting the barbecue and for keeping heat away from combustible materials.
Some homeowners decide to build a permanent structure of their own design so it can be customized to their particular needs and wants. Safety is a primary concern when designing a grilling station. The barbecue itself is best supported by fire-resistant masonry, though this only works if you have a ground-level patio. Steel studs with concrete backerboard (in place of wallboard) is a common assembly that is fire-proof and weather-resistant. Any kind of concrete, stone or brick is suitable finish material for an outdoor kitchen, as are stainless steel, pre-manufactured cabinets.
When laying out your design, try to provide ample counter space on either side of the barbecue. The counters must take exposure to wind and water, as well as Utah's freezing temperatures. Stone, tile, stainless steel or concrete are appropriate materials.
Often homeowners want a roof over their outdoor cooking space. Technically, no wood should be used over a barbecue, whether in the form of a roof or a pergola. If a roof is a must, consider partially covering the area, leaving the barbecue in the open. A frame can also be constructed of steel and a metal roof applied if a full roof is non-negotiable.
Barbecues produce a lot of smoke, so keep in mind the prevailing winds in your area when placing your grilling station. You will also need to consider plumbing issues, as you may want a water line and a permanent gas line to the area, in addition to electric power, which may be needed for lighting, refrigeration and rotisserie. Finally, the design of the outdoor kitchen should have some relation in terms of size and style to the design of your home.
So, get ready to grill! Plan ahead now and you just might be ready for the Fourth of July extravaganza of your dreams".
Robinson, Ann, and Annie V. Schwemmer. "Outdoor Kitchens Are Gaining Popularity."DeseretNews.com. Http://www.deseretnews.com, 12 Apr. 2013. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865578151/Outdoor-kitchens-are-gaining-popularity.html?pg=all>.
"Cooking dinner can be difficult when your countertops or stove are in the shadows. These tips can help you add beautiful and practical task lighting into the kitchen, office, and other hardworking rooms.
Shed light on dark nooks and crannies in your kitchen, office, and other rooms with undercabinet lights. Designed to fit in small spaces and provide accent or task lighting, these fixtures can be used under kitchen cabinets, on bookshelves, in curio cabinets, and more.
For an easy do-it-yourself option, select a plug-in fixture. They attach to the underside of a cabinet or shelf and can be plugged into any nearby outlet. These fixtures must be turned on and off using a switch on the unit, and the wires are not hidden. Tape or rope lights are one plug-in option. These clear plastic tubes are filled with small LED bulbs that cast a soft glow.
For more serious task lighting, choose a fluorescent strip, a track light with halogen bulbs, or puck lights with halogen bulbs. These touch-operated disks are surface-mounted and easy to install. They are battery-operated and come in several wattages to provide bright light. Be careful where they are used, however, as high-wattage halogen bulbs can put off a lot of heat and shouldn't be installed near anything flammable.
For a seamless look, consider investing in hard-wired light fixtures, which become virtually invisible once installed. Recessed puck lights are low-profile lights that must be installed directly into shelves and, if not done during new home construction, require modifications to the cabinet. Unless you have experience doing electrical work, a professional will need to install these and other hard-wired models, which must tap into a power source or have a new circuit added to the area. Other hard-wired options include custom-size track lights and slim-line strip lights.
When choosing an undercabinet light fixture, it's important to understand the various types of lightbulbs each uses so you can pick the one that best suits your needs:
Barnes, Kathy. "Undercabinet Lighting." Better Homes & Gardens. Bhg.com, n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2014. <http://www.bhg.com/kitchen/lighting/undercabinet-lighting/>.
"What your cabinets are made of determines how they look and how they'll stand up to daily use. To help you strike a balance between style and structural support, here's a look at the most common cabinetry materials.
Most cabinets are made from hardwoods, but to reduce costs, these hardwoods are often applied as veneers over a substrate, such as plywood.
Wood warps easily as its moisture content changes. That's why it's important that the wood be finished on all sides before it leaves the factory. Unfinished cabinetry should be finished on-site as soon as possible to prevent warping. Veneered cabinets are more stable than solid lumber in high-humidity areas.
Features to Consider
Cost GuidelinesWood or wood-and-plywood cabinets start at about $80 per linear foot, especially in the stock and semicustom realm. The cost can rise to well over $165 per linear foot for the rarest woods, custom designs, and so on.
Features to ConsiderAvailability. Laminate and Thermofoil cabinets are readily available at home centers and even some assemble-it-yourself home stores. If you need new cabinets in a hurry, and don't have a lot to spend, this is a good choice.
Durability. The construction of particleboard-substrate cabinets is not as strong as other options. The joinery on the least expensive options is likely to be staples, which are not as sturdy as other construction options.
Door style. Your choice is likely to be limited to flat front, although the laminate and Thermofoil processes can accommodate the curves of raised-panel doors.
Cost GuidelinesThis is the lower end of cabinetry options, compared to wood or wood veneer. Expect to pay $50 to $75 per linear foot for wall and base cabinets chosen from a stock selection. High-pressure laminates are more expensive than lower grades but are also more durable (though also hard to repair). Thermofoil will vary in cost from $35 to $45 per linear foot.
Manufactured wood products known as substrates are hidden behind laminate, vinyl film, or wood veneers. Here are the various types used:
BHG.com, "Understand Cabinet Materials." Better Homes & Gardens. Bhg.com, n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. <http://www.bhg.com/kitchen/cabinets/styles/kitchen-cabinet-material-types/>.
"More than just storage for pots and plates, cabinetry defines the look of your cook space. The experts at This Old House help you pick the right style for your budget and your needs
Cabinetry Rules of ThumbWhile cabinets can be configured in myriad ways, they're typically built and installed using well-established dimensions. Follow these guidelines during the planning stages to imagine how your kitchen will look and function.
1. Distance between countertop and upper cabinets: 18 inches
2. Upper cabinet depth: 12 inches
3. Lower cabinet depth: 24 inches
4. Countertop overhang: ¾ to 1 inch
5. Countertop height: 36 inches
6. Kickspace: 4 inches high, 3 inches deep
Feirer, Mark. "All About Kitchen Cabinets." This Old House. Thisoldhouse.com, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. <http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/photos/0%2C%2C20413909%2C00.html>.
Host Amy Matthews shows how to create a beautiful storage solution by building a custom floating vanity in a bathroom.
Measure and Cut the Plywood SheetsUse a table saw to rip the full plywood sheets to make the bottom and sides of the vanity. Measure and cut carefully. Sloppy cuts or inaccurate measurements will throw off the entire structure.
Cut Out the Panel PiecesWith the plywood cut to size lengthwise, use a circular saw to finish cutting out the individual panel pieces. Use a guide, such as a metal carpenter's square clamped to the wood, to ensure a straight cut.
Clamp the Panels TogetherThe contemporary design for this vanity uses dado joints for the plywood instead of butt joints for a cleaner look. Dado joints also add strength to the overall piece. Line up the side panels side by side and clamp them securely together with long bar clamps. Also clamp them to the work surface below.
Make a ChannelMeasure and mark the location of the dado cuts in the side panels, then clamp a guide in place to keep the router on track. Run the router along the guide to make a channel about 3/8" deep.
Sand down the rough edges of the dado channels.
Assemble the PanelsTo assemble the plywood panels, run a bead of wood glue down the dado channel on one of the side pieces and insert the bottom panel. Tap the pieces together with a mallet, then reinforce the joint with finish nails. Repeat for the other side panel.
Measure and Cut the Plywood NailersMeasure and cut three plywood nailers to fit snugly between the side panels. Two will go at the top and bottom of the back of the vanity to attach it to the wall; the other will go at the top front of the vanity to support the countertop and sinks.
Drill Pocket HolesUse a drill and a pocket hole jig to drill pocket holes in the nailers. Pocket holes start in the side of a piece of wood and come out the cut end, making it possible to "toenail" the piece with hidden screws. Drill two pocket holes at each end of each nailer.
Attach the Nailers and RailsAttach the nailers to the side panels with pocket hole screws.
Use a miter saw to cut horizontal plywood rails to fit the top and bottom of the vanity front, plus three vertical stiles. Attach the rails and the two side stiles with wood glue and finish nails, covering the cut edges of wood.
Attach the Pocket Hole ScrewsDrill pocket holes at both ends of the center stile. Clamp it in place and attach with pocket hole screws, keeping the screws on the inside of the cabinet.
Measure and Cut Plywood for the DoorsMeasure and cut plywood for the doors. Rip the wood stock on a table saw and use a circular saw to cut them to the correct height. Sand down the rough edges.
Install the Concealed HingesThe vanity design calls for concealed hinges in the doors. To install the hinges, use a drill with a Forstner bit and a self-centering drill guide to create wide, round recesses in the doors.
Screw the Hinges in PlaceScrew the hinges in place on the doors and the inside of the cabinet. Finish the piece as desired.
Install the VanityTo install the vanity, remove the doors and set them aside. Drill pilot holes and drive screws through the nailers to attach the cabinet to the wall studs.
"DIY Network." How to Build a Floating Bathroom Vanity : How-To :. DiyNetwork.com, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. <http://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/how-to-build-a-floating-bathroom-vanity/index.html>.