Consider light from windows when choosing colors. If windows (or skylight) are not shaded by trees or other structures, that indicates the room may be bright. Both dark and light colors work well in a bright room. When natural lighting is restricted, look for light colored cabinets and flooring. Cabinets and flooring have the greatest surface area in the kitchen. Those light surface colors will help to brighten a space with minimal natural light.
I chose white kitchen cabinets in my kitchen remodel. White cabinets go with any color choice and seemed a must for me, a person who changes the wall color about every three years. There are many color shade choices for cabinets, like dark cherry wood, medium maple, or light bleached oak. If the kitchen cabinets are your anchor color, choose countertop and floor colors that go with the cabinets. Like when choosing an outfit from your wardrobe, the colors do not have to match; they just need to go together.
Countertops may be close to the same color as the cabinets or lighter or darker than the cabinets. If you flip through kitchen remodeling magazines, you will notice a theme of light colored cabinets matched with darker colored countertops. The reverse applies to dark cabinets, which are typically covered with lighter colored countertops. Sticking with neutral colors like white or off-white, black, gray, tan or brown can make wall color choices easier. Non-mainstream colors for countertop, like blue or green, may impact the resell value of your home.
Choosing the color of flooring may be the most challenging, particularly if the kitchen has entrances to one or more rooms where the floor color isn't something that you want to repeat in the kitchen. For me, doorways at one end of the kitchen open to a hallway and formal dining room, each with honey-color oak flooring. The opposite side of the kitchen is open to the family room, which has dark stained plank flooring (the varied flooring was present in the house when I purchased it). If you are in the same situation with varying flooring in adjoining room, you have several options: extend the flooring from one of the rooms into the kitchen, replace all the flooring to match, or go with a third, unrelated flooring, which was my choice. Stone, tile, vinyl, wood--whatever your flooring choice, the main color should go with the color choices for the cabinets and countertops. The floor color may be a mix, like black and white checkerboard or a shade darker or lighter than the countertop.
The color choice objective
Choose the color of the most important item, either cabinet, countertop or flooring. The color choice of the other two items should go with the color choice of the first item. When in doubt about what item to select a color for first, go with the cabinets. Potential color options:
*medium brown cabinets, black countertops, light brown floor;
*black cabinets, white countertops, light brown floor
*dark brown cabinets, light brown countertops, white floor
*white cabinets, black countertops, light brown floor
*light tan cabinets, white countertops, white floor
*dark brown cabinets, tan or cream countertops, light brown floor"